The Wellcome Trust has reacted to Research Councils UK’s beefed-up open-access proposals by indicating that it will get “much tougher” on compliance with its own mandate.

The giant biomedical charity already requires papers produced with Wellcome funding to be made open access within six months of publication, which is the period RCUK also mooted in its draft policy unveiled earlier this month.

But Robert Kiley, the trust’s head of digital services, admitted that the current compliance rate of 55 per cent was “simply not acceptable”.

He said many details of the trust’s get-tough policy were to be determined, but one idea was to make institutions “take some responsibility” for the compliance of their Wellcome-funded researchers. He noted that open-access compliance at the trust’s own Sanger Institute near Cambridge was 85 per cent.

He said the trust might require institutions to officially confirm that all publications associated with a grant had been made open access before the final instalment was paid. Another idea was to take Wellcome-funded researchers’ open-access records into account when they reapplied for funding and activate further grants only once their previous research was openly accessible.

The trust also intended to follow RCUK’s lead and require papers to be published according to the terms of a Creative Commons “CC-BY” licence, which allows unlimited reuse of content subject to proper attribution to the original author.

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